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边缘计算在5G中的应用

边缘计算在5G中的应用

2020-11-03 13:29 -

ZHAIYAO:SUIZHEWOGUO 5G SHANGYONGPAIZHAODEFAFANGHE 5G WANGLUOJIANSHEDERIYIJIAKUAI,BIANYUANJISUANZUOWEI 5G DEGUANJIANJISHUZHIYI,ZAIKAOJINYONGHUDUANJIWANGLUOBIANYUANJIUJINTIGONGNEIRONGFENFAHECUNCHUJISUANFUWU,YIJIANSHAOSHUJUCHULIHEFUWUJIAO

ZHAIYAO:SUIZHEWOGUO 5G SHANGYONGPAIZHAODEFAFANGHE 5G WANGLUOJIANSHEDERIYIJIAKUAI,BIANYUANJISUANZUOWEI 5G DEGUANJIANJISHUZHIYI,ZAIKAOJINYONGHUDUANJIWANGLUOBIANYUANJIUJINTIGONGNEIRONGFENFAHECUNCHUJISUANFUWU,YIJIANSHAOSHUJUCHULIHEFUWUJIAOFUDESHIYAN。BENWENTONGGUOFENXIBIANYUANJISUANYUYUNJISUANHENEIRONGFENFAWANGLUODEQUBIERUSHOU,ZHEZHONGYANJIULEBIANYUANJISUANZAI 5G ZHONGDEYINGYONGCHANGJING。

关键词:边缘计算;云计算;内容分发网络

 

1、引言

XINYIDAIXINXITONGXINJISHU 5G XIANGBIYU 4G DENGCHUANTONGYIDONGTONGXINJISHU,JUYOUGENGDIDESHIYAN、GENGGAODEDAIKUAN、GENGKEKAODEXINGNENGHEGENGGUANGDELIANJIE,SHISHIXIANWANWUHULIANDEGUANJIANXINXIJICHUSHESHI,YESHIDANGQIANJINGJISHEHUISHUZIHUAZHUANXINGDEZHONGYAOQUDONGLILIANG。WEILEMANZUCHUIZHIXINGYEDUIWANGLUODALIULIANG、DISHIYANYIJIANQUANYUYINSIBAOHUDENGFANGMIANDEXUQIU,TISHENGWANGLUOSHUJUCHULIXIAOLV,5G ZAIKAOJINYONGHUDEWEIZHI,JIWANGLUOBIANYUANTIGONGSHUJUCHULIHEJISUANNENGLI,ZHEIJIUSHI 5G CAIYONGDEGUANJIANJISHUZHIYIBIANYUANJISUAN,TASHIYIGERONGHELEYINGYONG、CUNCHU、JISUANHEWANGLUOHEXINNENGLIDEKAIFANGPINGTAI。

DANGQIANBIANYUANJISUANCAIYONGDEJISHUJIAGOUZHUYAOYOULIANGZHONG,YISHIYINGTEERDINGYIDEJIAGOU,ERSHIOUZHOUDIANXINBIAOZHUNHUAXIEHUIDINGYIDE MEC JIAGOU。BIANYUANJISUANDEJISHUJIBENTEDIANHESHUXINGZHUYAOTIXIANWEI:LIANJIEXING、FENBUXING、YUESHUXINGHERONGHEXING。


(一)联接性

WEILESHIXIANYINGYONGCHANGJINGDEDUOYANGXINGYIJIDUIGEZHONGWULIDUIXIANGDELIANJIE,BIANYUANJISUANXUYAOJUBEIFENGFUDELIANJIEGONGNENG,RUGEZHONGWANGLUOTUOPU、WANGLUOXIEYI、WANGLUOJIEKOU、WANGLUOPEIZHIYUBUSHUDENG。LIANJIEXINGJIYAOKAOLVYUXIANYOUGEZHONGGONGYEZONGXIANDEHULIANHUTONG,YEYAOCHONGFENXISHOUJIEJIANWANGLUOLINGYUDEZUIXINYANJIUCHENGGUO,RU SDN、NFV DENG。

(二)分布性

YOUYUBIANYUANJISUANBUSHUZAIWANGLUOBIANYUANKAOJINYONGHUDUAN,SUOYIJUYOUFENBUSHITEDIAN。ZHEIJIUYAOQIUZAIFENBUSHICUNCHUHEJISUAN、FENBUSHIZIYUANDETONGYIGUANLIHEDONGTAIDIAODU、FENBUSHIANQUANHEZHINENGNENGLIDENGFANGMIAN,BIANYUANJISUANDOUNENGGOUSHIXIANZHEIXIEYAOQIU。

(三)约束性

GONGYEXIANCHANGXIANGDUIELIEDEYUNXINGHUANJINGYUGONGZUOTIAOJIANYAOQIUBIANYUANJISUANXUYAOJUBEIFANGCHEN、KANGDIANLIU / DIANYABODONG、FANGBAO、FANGDIANCI、KANGZHENDONGDENGGONGNENG。ZAIGONGYEHULIANCHANGJINGXIA,DUIBIANYUANJISUANSHEBEIDECHENGBEN、GONGHAO、KONGJIANDENGYEYOUJIAOGAODEYAOQIU。WEILEYUGEZHONGYUESHUTIAOJIANXIANGSHIYING,ZHICHENGDUOYANGDEXINGYESHUZIHUAYINGYONGCHANGJING,BIANYUANJISUANDUBOWANGXUYAOZAIRUANYINGJIANYOUHUAYUJICHENGDENGFANGMIANJIAYIZHONGDIANKAOLV。

(四)融合性

XINGYESHUZIHUAZHUANXINGDEZHONGYAOJICHUSHIXINXITONGXINJISHU(ICT)YUCAOZUOJISHU(0T)DERONGHE。ZUOWEI“OT”YU“ICT”XIETONGYURONGHEDEGUANJIANCHENGZAI,BIANYUANJISUANXUYAOZAISHUJU、LIANJIE、GUANLI、YINGYONG、KONGZHI、ANQUANDENGFANGMIANZHICHITAMENZHIJIANDEXIETONG。

   

2、边缘计算与云计算

BIANYUANJISUANZAIKAOJINYONGHUDUANDEWEIZHITIGONGCUNCHU、JISUAN、WANGLUODENGJICHUSHESHI,TONGGUOZAIGAIJICHUSHESHISHANGWEIYONGHUTIGONGYINGYONGRUANJIANDEBUSHUHEYUNXINGHUANJING,JIUJINWEIYONGHUTIGONGBIANYUANYUNFUWU,TASHIYUNJISUANJISHUHEWANGLUOYANJINFAZHANDECHANWU。YIDONGBIANYUANJISUANTONGGUOZAIWUXIANJIERUWANGBIANYUANHUOWUXIANJIZHANNEIBUBUSHUXIANGYINGDEBIANYUANJISUANJICHUSHESHI,LAITIGONGBIANYUANWEIZHIDEYUNJISUANFUWU,TONGSHITAHAIKEYILIANJIEQIYEWANGLUONEIBUDESIYOUYUNYISHIXIANHUNHEYUNFUWU。YIBANLAISHUOQIXITONGDEHEXINSHEBEISHIJIYU IT TONGYONGYINGJIANPINGTAIGOUJIAN,NENGTIGONGJIYUGAIPINGTAIDEXUNIHUAYUNXINGHUANJING,BINGZHICHIDISANFANGYINGYONGZAIGAIXUNIHUANJINGZHONGYUNXING。

XIANGBIYUCHUANTONGYUNJISUANDEJIZHONGBUSHUMOSHI,BIANYUANJISUANJIEJUELEHUIJULIULIANGDA、TONGXINSHIYANZHANGDENGWENTI,WEIGAODAIKUANHEDISHIYANDEYEWUTIGONGLEGENGHAODEZHICHI。YUNJISUANHEBIANYUANJISUANGEYOUSUOZHANG,YUNJISUANNENGGOUZAIYEWUJUECEZHICHENG、ZHOUQIXINGWEIHUDENGLINGYUFAHUIYOUSHI,SHANZHANGYUZHANGZHOUQI、FEISHISHI、QUANJUXINGDEDASHUJUCHULIHEFENXI。ZAIYONGHUCEYEWUDEJIUJINSHISHIZHINENGHUACHULIFANGMIANBIANYUANJISUANNENGGOUFAHUIQITEZHANG,DUANZHOUQI、SHISHI、JUBUDESHUJUCHULIHEFENXIGENGSHIYONGYUBIANYUANJISUAN。YINCIBIANYUANJISUANYUYUNJISUANZHIJIANSHIHUBUXIETONGGUANXI,BIANYUANJISUANZAIKAOJINYONGHUCEXIANDUISHUJUJINXINGCAIJIHEYUCHULI,DUIYUJIANDANDESHUJUYEWUKEYISHISHICHULIBINGFANKUIJIYONGHU,DUIYUFUZADESHUJUYEWUZESHANGCHUANYUNJISUANDUANJIEJUE,JINGDASHUJUCHULIFENXIHOUBAJIEGUOXIAFADAOBIANYUANCE。BIANYUNXIETONGJINYIBUFANGDALEBIANYUANJISUANHEYUNJISUANDEYINGYONGJIAZHI。

   

3、边缘计算与 CDN

CDN JINEIRONGFENFAWANGLUO,WEILETIGAOYONGHUFANGWENFUWUQIDESUDU,SHIYONGHUKEJIUJINQUDESUOXUNEIRONG,JIEJUEWANGLUOYONGJIDEZHUANGKUANG,CDN TONGGUOZAI IP CHENGZAIWANGLUOJIAGOUZHONGZENGJIAXINDEYICENG,JIANGFUWUQIDENEIRONGZIDONGFENFADAOFENBUZAIWANGLUOBIANYUANJIEJINYONGHUCEDEFUWUJIEDIAN,CONGERTIGAONEIRONGJIAOFUDESUDUHEXIAOLV。

BIANYUANJISUANYU CDN JIYOULIANXIYEYOUQUBIE,LIANGZHEZHIJIANXIANGTONGZHICHUYEJIAODUO。SHOUXIANSHILIANGZHEDOUSHIZAISHUJULIULIANGHEYONGHUSHULIANGBUDUANZENGJIA,YONGHUTIYANYAOQIUTIGAODEQINGKUANGXIACHANSHENG。LIANGZHEDUICHUANSHUXIANGYINGSUDUDOUYOUJIAOGAOYAOQIU,DOUJINKENENGDIBUSHUZAIWANGLUODEBIANYUAN。BIANYUANJISUANDEYINGYONGHEZHUYAOCHULIJIEDIANYIBANDOUFENBUSHIBUSHUZAIKAOJINYONGHUDUAN,ZHEISHIDEQIZAITIGONGFUWUDEKEKAOXING、XIANGYINGSUDUDENGFANGMIANYAOHAOYUCHUANTONGDEYUNJISUANZHONGXIN,ER CDN DEFUWUJIEDIANZHENGHAOKEYICHONGFENFUYONGZHEIXIEBIANYUANJISUANCHULIJIEDIAN,TIGONGCUNCHUHECHUANSHUDENGZHUYAOFUWU。LIANGZHEZHIJIANDEQUBIEZHUYAOZAIYU CDN TIGAOJIEDIANCHUANSHUSHUJUDENENGLISHITONGGUOHUANCUNSHUJU,ZHUYAOYIKAOXIANYOUGUDINGWANGLUOZIYUANSHIXIAN,CEZHONGDIANZAIYUCHUANSHUNENGLI。ERBIANYUANJISUANDECEZHONGDIANZAIYUJISUANNENGLI,YINGYONGCHANGJINGZHUYAOZAIYIDONGYEWUFANGMIAN,ERQIEZHUYAOTONGGUO 5G WANGLUO UPF LAISHIXIANZAIBIANYUANCETIGONGFUWU,SUOYIQIYINGYONGSHIXIANZHUYAOSHIYITUOYUYIDONGWANGLUOZIYUAN。CDN ZHUYAOYINGYONGZAISHIPINZHIBO、SHIPINDIANBOHEWANGZHANFANGWENJIASUDENGCHANGJING,GUANZHUDIANSHI“JIASU”,ZAIZHINENGHUADEYINGYONGCHANGJINGZHONGCHUXIANJISHAO。

YOUYUBIANYUANJISUANCEZHONGYUJISUANNENGLI,BINGQIEJUYOUZHINENGHUA、DISHIYANDETEDIAN,SUOZAIZAIZHIHUIYILIAO、CHELIANWANGDENGYAOQIUZHINENGHUADECHANGJINGZHONGYINGYONGJIAODUO。


 

4、边缘计算的应用

(一)VR/AR

ZAI VR/AR FANGMIANBIANYUANJISUANDECUJINZUOYONGZHUYAOBIAOXIANZAISUIZHE 5G JISHUYINGYONGDERIYISHENRU,5G DEDADAIKUAN、DISHIYAN、GAOKEKAOTEXING,YIJIBIANYUANJISUANDEJISHUTEDIANNENGSHI VR/AR ZAICHUANSHUFANGMIANDEPINGJINGBEIKEFU,CONGERZENGQIANGYONGHUDETIYANXIAOGUO。

(二)车联网

SUIZHEWULIANWANGHE 5G JISHUDEBUDUANFAZHAN,CHUANTONGJIAOTONGJISHUYINGLAILEXINDEBIANGE,WEILECUJINZHIHUIJIAOTONGTIXIJIANSHE,TIGAOTONGXINGZHUNBEIXIAOLV,KEYITONGGUOCHELIANGYUCHELIANG、RENYUCHELIANG、CHELIANGYUJIAOTONGSHESHIZHIJIANDEZHINENGJIAOHUSHIXIAN。BIANYUANJISUANMUQIANZAICHELIANWANGLINGYUDEYINGYONGZHUYAOJIZHONGZAINEIRONGFENFA、ZIYUANDIAODU、JISUANXIEZAI、CHEZAIYINGYONGDENGFANGMIAN。

(三)智慧城市

WEILEMANZUJIAOTONGYUNSHU、YILIAOBAOJIAN、HUANJINGBAOHUHEGONGGONGANQUANDENGGEFANGMIANXUQIU,ZHIHUICHENGSHITONGGUOYUNJISUAN、DASHUJUHEWULIANWANGDENGJISHULAIGAIBIANSHEHUIYUNZUOHERENMENDESHENGHUOFANGSHI。BIANYUANJISUANJIANGCUNCHUHEJISUANXIACHENDAOBIANYUANCEDEFUWUQISHANG,SHIWANGLUODEDAIKUANYALIHEYANCHIGENGXIAO,ZAISHIXIANZHIHUICHENGSHIDEGUOCHENGZHONGYOUZHEGUANGFANDEYINGYONGFANWEIHEDUTEDEYOUSHI。RUZAIZHIHUIYILIAOFANGMIAN,BIANYUANJISUANYUQITAJISHUXIETONGKEYISHIXIANYILIAOSHUJUFENXI、JIANKANGJIANCEDENG。

BIANYUANJISUANJIANGSHITONGXINXINGYEWEILAIDEZHONGYAOFAZHANFANGXIANGZHIYI,BAOKUODIANXINYUNYINGSHANG、YUNFUWUTIGONGSHANG、SHEBEISHANGDENGDOUZAIJIJIBUJU,SUIZHE 5G SHIDAIDEDAOLAI,BIANYUANJISUANYOUWANGYU 5G GONGTONGFAZHAN。




参考文献

[1] ZHAO MING . BIAN YUAN JI SUAN JI SHU JI YING YONG ZONG SHU [J]. JI SUAN JI KEXUE ,2020(6A):95.

[2] GUOSONG . BIANYUANJISUANYU CDN XIETONGJISHU [J]. DIANXINKEXUE ,2019(S2):33.

[3] BIANYUANJISUANCHANYELIANMENGYUGONGYEHULIANWANGCHANYELIANMENG . BIANYUANJISUANCANKAOJIAGOU 3.0[R].2018.

(ZUOZHE:CHENDANMEI,DANWEI:ZHONGGONGLIAONINGSHENGWEIDANGXIAO)

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