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什么是物联网

2017-10-17 23:11 -

WULIANWANG-WULIANWANGSHIXINYIDAIXINXIJISHUDEZHONGYAOZUCHENGBUFEN,YESHI“XINXIHUA”SHIDAIDEZHONGYAOFAZHANJIEDUAN。QIYINGWENMINGCHENGSHI:“Internet

物联网

1991年美国麻省理工学院(MIT)的Kevin Ash-ton教授首次提出物联网的概念。

1995NIANBIERGAICIZAI《WEILAIZHILU》YISHUZHONGYECENGTIJIWULIANWANG,DANWEIYINQIGUANGFANZHONGSHI。

1999NIANMEIGUOMASHENGLIGONGXUEYUANJIANLILE“ZIDONGSHIBIEZHONGXIN(Auto-ID)”,TICHU“WANWUJIEKETONGGUOWANGLUOHULIAN”,CHANMINGLEWULIANWANGDEJIBENHANYI。ZAOQIDEWULIANWANGSHIYITUOSHEPINSHIBIE(RFID)JISHUDEWULIUWANGLUO。

2004NIANRIBENZONGWUSHENG(MIC)TICHUu-JapanJIHUA,GAIZHANLVELIQIUSHIXIANRENYUREN、WUYUWU、RENYUWUZHIJIANDELIANJIE,XIWANGJIANGRIBENJIANSHECHENGYIGESUISHI、SUIDI、RENHEWUTI、RENHERENJUNKELIANJIEDEFANZAIWANGLUOSHEHUI。

2005NIAN11YUE17RI,ZAITUNISIJUXINGDEXINXISHEHUISHIJIEFENGHUI(WSIS)SHANG,GUOJIDIANXINLIANMENG(ITU)FABU《ITUHULIANWANGBAOGAO2005:WULIANWANG》,YINYONGLE“WULIANWANG”DEGAINIAN。WULIANWANGDEDINGYIHEFANWEIYIJINGFASHENGLEBIANHUA,FUGAIFANWEIYOULEJIAODADETUOZHAN,BUZAIZHISHIZHIJIYURFIDJISHUDEWULIANWANG。

2006NIANHANGUOYUQUELILEu-KoreaJIHUA,GAIJIHUAZHIZAIJIANLIWUSUOBUZAIDESHEHUI(ubiquitous society),ZAIMINZHONGDESHENGHUOHUANJINGLIJIANSHEZHINENGXINGWANGLUO(RUIPv6、BcN、USN)HEGEZHONGXINXINGYINGYONG(RUDMB、Telematics、RFID),RANGMINZHONGKEYISUISHISUIDIXIANGYOUKEJIZHIHUIFUWU。2009NIANHANGUOTONGXINWEIYUANHUICHUTAILE《WULIANWANGJICHUSHESHIGOUJIANJIBENGUIHUA》,JIANGWULIANWANGQUEDINGWEIXINZENGZHANGDONGLI,TICHUDAO2012NIANSHIXIAN“TONGGUOGOUJIANSHIJIEZUIXIANJINDEWULIANWANGJICHUSHISHI,DAZAOWEILAIGUANGBOTONGXINRONGHELINGYUCHAOYILIUXINXITONGXINJISHUQIANGGUO”DEMUBIAO。

2009NIANOUMENGZHIWEIHUIFABIAOLEOUZHOUWULIANWANGXINGDONGJIHUA,MIAOHUILEWULIANWANGJISHUDEYINGYONGQIANJING,TICHUOUMENGZHENGFUYAOJIAQIANGDUIWULIANWANGDEGUANLI,CUJINWULIANWANGDEFAZHAN。

2009NIAN1YUE28RI,IBMSHOUCITICHU“ZHIHUIDIQIU”GAINIAN,JIANYIXINZHENGFUTOUZIXINYIDAIDEZHIHUIXINGJICHUSHESHI。DANGNIAN,MEIGUOJIANGXINNENGYUANHEWULIANWANGLIEWEIZHENXINGJINGJIDELIANGDAZHONGDIAN。

2009NIAN8YUE,WENJIABAOZONGLIZAIWUXISHICHASHITICHU“GANZHIZHONGGUO”,WUXISHILVXIANJIANLILE“GANZHIZHONGGUO”YANJIUZHONGXIN,ZHONGGUOKEXUEYUAN、YUNYINGSHANG、DUOSUODAXUEZAIWUXIJIANLILEWULIANWANGYANJIUYUAN。WULIANWANGBEIZHENGSHILIEWEIGUOJIAWUDAXINXINGZHANLVEXINGCHANYEZHIYI,XIERULESHIYIJIEQUANGUORENDASANCIHUIYIZHENGFUGONGZUOBAOGAO,WULIANWANGZAIZHONGGUOSHOUDAOLEQUANSHEHUIJIDADEGUANZHU。

定义/物联网

WULIANWANGDEGAINIANZUIZAOCHUXIANYUBIERGAICI1995NIAN《WEILAIZHILU》YISHU,ZAI《WEILAIZHILU》ZHONG,BIERGAICIYIJINGTIJIInternet of ThingsDEGAINIAN,ZHISHIDANGSHISHOUXIANYUWUXIANWANGLUO、YINGJIANJICHUANGANSHEBEIDEFAZHAN,BINGWEIYINQISHIRENDEZHONGSHI。

1998年,美国麻省理工大学(MIT)创造性地提出了当时被称作EPC系统的“物联网”的构想;1999年,美国Auto-ID首先提出“物联网”的概念,物联网方案,称物联网主要是建立在物品编码、RFID技术和互联网的基础上。

2005NIAN,ITUFABULE《ITUHULIANWANGBAOGAO2005:WULIANWANG》,ZONGHEERZHENEIRONG,ZHENGSHITICHU“WULIANWANG”DEGAINIAN,BAOKUOLESUOYOUWUPINDELIANWANGHEYINGYONG。MUQIANJIAOWEIGONGRENDEWULIANWANGDEDINGYISHI:TONGGUOSHEPINSHIBIE(RFID)、HONGWAIGANYINGQI、QUANQIUDINGWEIXITONG、JIGUANGSAOMIAOQIDENGXINXICHUANGANSHEBEI,ANYUEDINGDEXIEYI,BARENHEWUPINYUHULIANWANGLIANJIEQILAI,JINXINGXINXIJIAOHUANHETONGXUN,YISHIXIANZHINENGHUASHIBIE、DINGWEI、GENZONG、JIANKONGHEGUANLIDEYIZHONGWANGLUO。

WULIANWANGDEYINGWENMINGCHENGSHIInternet Of Things,NEIMETAHEHULIANWANGZHIJIANYOUSHISHENMEGUANXINI?SHIJISHANG,WULIANWANGDEGAINIANLAIZIYUDUIHULIANWANGDELEIBI,GENJUWULIANWANGYUHULIANWANGDEGUANXIFENLEI,BUTONGZHUANJIAXUEZHEDUIWULIANWANGJICHULEGEZIDEDINGYI,KEGUINAWEIRUXIASIZHONGLEIXING:

1、物联网是传感网,不接入互联网

YOUZHUANJIARENWEI,WULIANWANGJIUSHICHUANGANWANG,ZHISHIJIRENMENSHENGHUOHUANJINGZHONGDEWUTIANZHUANGCHUANGANQI,ZHEIXIECHUANGANQIKEYIGENGHAODIBANGZHUDUBOWANGRENSHIHUANJING,ZHEIGECHUANGANQIWANGBUJIERUHULIANWANGLUO,LIRUSHANGHAIPUDONGJICHANGDECHUANGANQIWANGLUO,QIBENSHENBINGBUJIERUHULIANWANG,QUEHAOCHENGSHIZHONGGUODIYIGEWULIANWANG。WULIANWANGYUHULIANWANGDEGUANXISHIXIANGDUIDULIDELIANGZHANGWANG。 

2、物联网是互联网的一部分

WULIANWANGBINGBUSHIYIZHANGQUANXINDEWANG,SHIJISHANGZAOJIUCUNZAILE,TASHIHULIANWANGFAZHANDEZIRANYANSHENHEKUOZHANG,SHIHULIANWANGDEYIBUFEN。HULIANWANGSHIKEBAORONGYIQIEDEWANGLUO,JIANGHUIYOUGENGDUODEWUPINJIARUDAOZHEIZHANGWANGZHONG。YEJIUSHISHUO,WULIANWANGBAOHANYUHULIANWANGZHINEI。 

3、物联网是互联网的补充网络

DUBOWANGTONGCHANGSUOSHUODEHULIANWANGSHIZHIRENYURENZHIJIANTONGGUOJISUANJIJIECHENGDEQUANQIUXINGDEWANGLUO,FUWUYURENYURENZHIJIANDEXINXIJIAOHUAN。ERWULIANWANGDEZHUTIZESHIGEZHONGGEYANGDEWUPIN,TONGGUOWUPINJIANCHUANDIXINXICONGERDADAOZUIZHONGFUWUYURENDEMUDE,LIANGZHANGWANGDEZHUTIBUTONG。SUOYIWULIANWANGSHIHULIANWANGDEKUOZHANHEBUCHONG,WULIANWANGYUHULIANWANGSHIXIANGDUIPINGDENGDELIANGZHANGWANG。RUGUOBAHULIANWANGBIZUOSHIRENLEIXINXIJIAOHUANDEDONGMAI,NEIMEWULIANWANGJIUSHIMAOXIXUEGUAN,LIANGZHEXIANGHULIANTONG,SHIHULIANWANGDEYOUYIBUCHONG。 

4、物联网是未来的互联网

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